What is chiropractic?
Chiropractic is a conservative health profession specialising in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system. A Chiropractor essentially relies upon non-invasive treatment methods and will refer patients to medical practitioners should medication or surgery be indicated. The promotion of injury prevention and health maintenance are also an important component in chiropractic care.
While the foundation of chiropractic revolves around the treatment of musculoskeletal problems related to the spine, chiropractors also treat many non-spinal ailments such as sports injuries (muscle strains, ligament sprains, etc), headaches, migraines and TMJ pathologies.
The Chiropractic Adjustment
The primary method of treatment used by chiropractors is the Adjustment.
This is a specific form of joint manipulation that is characterised by a quick and very specific thrust to a restricted joint either in the spine or extremities (knee, ankle, shoulder, wrist, etc) Adjustments are commonly associated with an audible “crack” (cavitation). The aim of the adjustment is to stimulate the nervous the system and restore normal joint movements. For more information on chiropractic treatments, click here.
What Training do Chiros have?
In South Africa, chiropractic education and training is extensive covering a broad spectrum of health sciences (Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Diagnostics and Orthopaedic assessments). Chiropractic students begin treating patients under supervision at the UJ Chiropractic Clinic for a minimum of two years. At the end of the 6-year program, allgraduates are awarded Masters Degree in Chiropractic.
What Do Chiropractors Treat?
Chiropractors treat a variety of musculoskeletal conditions including:
- Back & neck pain (Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar pain)
- Disc herniations (slipped disc)
- Facet Syndromes/Dysfunction (Often called a “Pinched nerve”)
- Arthritis and age-related conditions
- Headaches & Migraines
- Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) problems
- Sports injuries including:
- Ankle sprains, shin splints, Plantar Fasciitis
- Knee injuries (Patellofemoral dysfunction, ITB syndrome, meniscal and ligament injuries)
- Hip and thigh pain (Hip joint injuries, gluteal, quadriceps, and hamstring muscle strains)
- Shoulder injuries (Rotator cuff, ACJ sprains, frozen shoulder/adhesive capsulitis)
- Elbow injuries (Tennis and golfers elbow, tendonitis & tendinosis)
- Wrist and hand injuries (Carpal Tunnel, wrist sprains)
- Musculoskeletal pain, Muscle spasms & other Myofascial problems
- Paediatric colic
- Scoliosis & posture assessments for adults and children
Chiropractors can give advice with regards to proper ergonomics at home or at work such as: How to set up a computer workspace, desk and chair height and computer/laptop screen position.