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What is chiropractic?
Chiropractic is a conservative health profession specialising in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system. A Chiropractor essentially relies upon non-invasive treatment methods and will refer patients to medical practitioners should medication or surgery be indicated. The promotion of injury prevention and health maintenance are also an important component in chiropractic care.
While the foundation of chiropractic revolves around the treatment of musculoskeletal problems related to the spine, chiropractors also treat many non-spinal ailments such as sports injuries (muscle strains, ligament sprains, etc), headaches, migraines and TMJ pathologies.
The Chiropractic Adjustment
The primary method of treatment used by chiropractors is the Adjustment.
This is a specific form of joint manipulation that is characterised by a quick and very specific thrust to a restricted joint either in the spine or extremities (knee, ankle, shoulder, wrist, etc) Adjustments are commonly associated with an audible “crack” (cavitation). The aim of the adjustment is to stimulate the nervous the system and restore normal joint movements. For more information on chiropractic treatments, click here.
What Training do Chiros have?
In South Africa, chiropractic education and training is extensive covering a broad spectrum of health sciences (Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Diagnostics and Orthopaedic assessments). Chiropractic students begin treating patients under supervision at the UJ Chiropractic Clinic for a minimum of two years. At the end of the 6-year program, allgraduates are awarded Masters Degree in Chiropractic.
What Do Chiropractors Treat?
- Back Pain
- Neck pain
- Headaches & Migraines
- TMJ problems
- Scoliosis & Posture
- Ergonomic advice
- Shoulder Injuries
- Elbow Injuries
- Wrist & Hand Injuries
- Thigh & Knee Injuries
- Lower leg, Ankle & Foot Injuries
Lower back pain or upper back pain can vary from mild to quite severe. Back pain can occur for a number of reasons related to poor posture, osteoarthritis and degenerative conditions. Other common types of back pain can include:
- Disc herniation (slipped disc)
- Pinched nerves and facet joint syndromes
- Muscle strains and myofascial trigger points
- Spinal stenosis
Problems in the lower back can also refer pain to the butt and legs, this is known as sciatica.